Guide to Build a Diversified Investment Portfolio

Manage Risk by Building A Diversified Investment Portfolio

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A Diversified Investment Portfolio is a type of risk management in the world of investing. To diversify the risk of their investments, an investor may opt to invest in various assets from a variety of asset classes, industries, and geographic exposures.

These assets would be assessed and updated on a regular basis depending on their past and predicted future performance. The overarching goal is to balance risk by investing in various industries, themes, and asset classes.

What are the Benefits of a Diversified Investment Portfolio?

The diversification of an investment portfolio is one of its most essential characteristics.

So what are the advantages of diversification?

  • Diversifying your investments means not putting all of your eggs in one basket. You lower portfolio risk by investing in several assets.
  • By diversifying your investments, you may lessen the volatility of your portfolio and prevent making quick decisions based on market fluctuations.
  • Each asset often performs differently in the short, medium, and long term. Investing in numerous assets might therefore stimulate long-term investments. It may also lessen the number of times the portfolio must be monitored.
  • It also lessens the overall impact of market volatility, which may give stability in times of uncertainty and provide investors with peace of mind.

How Does a Diversified Investment Portfolio Appear?

A diverse portfolio includes a variety of investments. They are various asset types and investment vehicles that allow exposure to many themes and geographic locations while limiting exposure to any one risk or asset. The concept behind a broad portfolio is that by investing in a number of various assets over time, some will provide returns. If your portfolio comprises mostly of one asset or security and its value falls, you might lose far more than if you held a few other products.

Diversification is used to reduce risk in a portfolio. In an ideal circumstance, negative losses in one item in the portfolio should be balanced by good performance in another asset in the same portfolio. There are several views on how to construct the ideal diversified portfolio, and it will depend on the assets you are interested in.

Diversification is a sensible decision since each asset reacts differently to the same event.

The last question is what a diverse portfolio looks like. There are several schools of thought about what defines an adequately diversified portfolio. Others argue that it should include cash, bonds, equities, mutual funds, and exchange-traded funds. Others just mention bonds, cash, and stocks. Some people want to incorporate commodities like precious metals, real estate, and oil.

The concept of what constitutes the ideal diversified portfolio has evolved substantially over time, particularly with the advent of bitcoin and virtual currencies. The incorporation of cryptocurrencies in diverse portfolios is anticipated to continue rising in popularity as the value of coins rises and acceptance spreads.

Your capital is at risk. Other fees apply.

What Asset Classes May be Utilised to Build a Diversified Investment Portfolio?

As previously said, the purpose behind portfolio diversification is to include a diverse asset class list. This entails investing in various assets that belong to several asset categories, have comparable features, and follow the same rules. If you’re wondering how many asset classes there are and what they consist of, here’s a quick rundown.


Stocks (also known as equities) (also known as equities)
Equities are a frequent component of most portfolios. Stocks reflect a percentage of the company’s ownership and entitle the investor to a piece of the company’s profits (paid out in the form of dividends).

Fixed Income

Fixed-income assets are interest-bearing investments that pay investors fixed interest at regular periods. Government and corporate bonds are the most prevalent forms of fixed-income instruments. A bond is simply a debt granted by the investor to the bond issuer that is repaid with interest during the life of the bond.


Basic items like gold, oil, and sugar are examples of commodities. Climate change, as well as supply and demand, can cause price fluctuations.


Investing in currencies entails purchasing one currency and selling another. A foreign exchange market, often known as the Forex exchange market or the FX market, is where you may trade currencies. Trading in the FX market involves trading currency pairs such as EUR/USD and USD/JPY.


A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual money that is often not issued by a central body or government. During the past few years, an increasing number of investors have diversified their portfolios by investing in cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin, Ether, Litecoin, Cardano, and Tron are examples of digital currency.

How to Invest in a Variety of Asset Classes

You can invest directly in each asset type described above or through an investment vehicle such as CFDs, futures, mutual funds, and ETFs. This is probably the most popular option for successful long term CopyTraders.

Read more about How to Trade and Invest in ETFs here.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are professionally managed investment portfolios comprised of money gathered from a large number of investors. Portfolio managers actively manage mutual funds, allocating assets depending on the fund’s aim. A mutual fund may invest in a variety of securities, including stocks, bonds, and commodities.


ETFs are investment funds that are traded on the stock exchange. Conventional ETFs follow a passive investing technique, tracking the performance of a specified index (such as the Nasdaq 100 index for instance). Actively managed ETFs have become more popular in recent years. The capacity to trade the ETF intraday on the exchange is the primary distinction between a mutual fund and an active ETF. ETFs can invest in assets like stocks and bonds and give exposure to a certain subject, industry, or geographic location.

Asset Allocation Models for Constructing a Diversified Investment Portfolio

It’s not just a matter of taking a chance or picking assets you like the appearance of when it comes to diversifying your portfolio. In truth, there are several models and asset allocation techniques that may be used to generate an optimal portfolio. They employ specified criteria to construct a portfolio that is varied, appealing to the investor, and likely to succeed.

How to Lower eToro’s Risk Score Via a Diversified Investment Portfolio

The eToro Risk Score function is a terrific method for new investors to understand the risks they are taking and the assets in their account. It is calculated using a unique algorithm and yields a number ranging from 1 to 10 for each customer. The lowest danger is 1, and the largest is 10. When you’ve constructed your portfolio, eToro will assign it a risk score and present the average monthly risk score for the last 12 months. It is extremely useful in assisting investors in understanding how investing selections influence the risk levels of their portfolio.

Because these risk scores are public, investors may look at other people’s portfolios for inspiration, or even duplicate them using eToro’s CopyTrading tool.

Your capital is at risk. Other fees apply.

When Should I Consider Rebalancing my Investment Portfolio?

Portfolio rebalancing occurs when an investor undertakes a review of the portfolio by analysing all of the assets in which they have invested and how they have fared over a certain time period. Based on their findings, they will modify the weighting of each asset in their portfolio, as well as their exposure to each asset type. It frequently entails selling some assets and purchasing others.

This process is significant because it enables portfolio diversity to be fine-tuned and maximised in response to changing market circumstances. It also maintains an optimum balance of assets and asset categories.

When is the Best Time to Rebalance a Diversified Investment Portfolio?

When is the optimal moment to rebalance one’s portfolio? There are two primary opinions.

The first is specified intervals. For example, once a year or every six months on a particular date. This indicates that the rebalancing would take place regardless of how the portfolio performed.
The second method is to rebalance the portfolio when it has fallen below a specified value or when the portfolio’s exposure to a certain item is excessive.

Diversified Investment Portfolio Conclusion

Being an investor does not have to be difficult. Even beginners may improve their chances of success if they are equipped with the correct information and tools and follow tried and true tactics.

These are the essential takeaways from building a diverse portfolio.

  • Diversifying your portfolio to reduce risk is one of the wisest investing choices you can make. This can boost opportunity, give stability, and minimise the amount of time spent maintaining a portfolio.
  • A diversified portfolio includes a variety of asset classes and investment tools, as well as thematic and geographic exposure.
  • Equities, fixed income, commodities, cryptocurrencies, and currencies are examples of assets that may be invested in directly or through ETFs and mutual funds.
  • eToro’s Risk Score can help investors assess the risk of their portfolio. They may also imitate the portfolio strategy of expert traders using the CopyTrading tool.
  • Portfolio rebalancing should be done on a regular basis to maximise and optimise the portfolio’s contents.

Your capital is at risk. Other fees apply.

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As always, if you have any questions, we would love to hear from you. Please contact us. Happy trading!

Defensive Trading

Defensive Trading

Defensive Trading has been established by traders and investors with experience in Forex, Cryptoassets, Stocks and Options. They are the epitome of Defensive Traders and prefers quality trades over a quantity.

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